Zillow Group, Inc.
ZILLOW INC (Form: 10-Q, Received: 11/06/2012 14:05:18)
Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

 

 

x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT 1934

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2012

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

Commission File Number: 001-35237

 

 

ZILLOW, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Washington   20-2000033

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification Number)

 

1301 Second Avenue, Floor 31, Seattle, Washington   98101
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

(206) 470-7000

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes   x     No   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes   x     No   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer   ¨    Accelerated filer   ¨
Non-accelerated filer   x   (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)    Smaller reporting company   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes   ¨     No   x

As of October 31, 2012, 25,908,828 shares of Class A common stock and 7,524,276 shares of Class B common stock were outstanding.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

ZILLOW, INC.

Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q

For the Three Months Ended September 30, 2012

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

          Page  
   PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION   

Item 1.

  

Financial Statements (unaudited)

     2   
  

Condensed Balance Sheets

     2   
  

Condensed Statements of Operations

     3   
  

Condensed Statements of Cash Flows

     4   
  

Notes to Condensed Financial Statements

     5   

Item 2.

  

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

     16   

Item 3.

  

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

     28   

Item 4.

  

Controls and Procedures

     29   
   PART II - OTHER INFORMATION   

Item 1.

  

Legal Proceedings

     30   

Item 1A.

  

Risk Factors

     30   

Item 2.

  

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

     31   

Item 4.

  

Mine Safety Disclosures

     31   

Item 6.

  

Exhibits

     32   
  

Signatures

     33   

 

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As used in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, the terms “Zillow,” “the Company,” “we,” “us” and “our” refer to Zillow, Inc., unless the context indicates otherwise.

NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, including Part I, Item 2 (Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations), contains forward-looking statements based on our management’s beliefs and assumptions and on information currently available to our management. Forward-looking statements include all statements that are not historical facts and generally may be identified by terms such as “believe,” “may,” “will,” “estimate,” “continue,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “could,” “would,” “project,” “plan,” “expect” or the negative or plural of these words or similar expressions.

These forward-looking statements are subject to a number of risks, uncertainties and assumptions, including but not limited to, our ability to maintain and effectively manage an adequate rate of growth; the impact of the real estate industry on our business; our ability to innovate and provide products and services that are attractive to our users and advertisers; our ability to increase awareness of the Zillow brand in a cost-effective manner; our ability to maintain or establish relationships with listings and data providers; our ability to attract consumers to our mobile applications and websites; our ability to successfully integrate and realize the benefits of our past or future strategic acquisitions or investments; our ability to compete successfully against existing or future competitors; the reliable performance of our network infrastructure and content delivery process; and our ability to protect our intellectual property. Further discussion of factors that may affect our business and results of operations is included in Part II, Item 1A (Risk Factors) in our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the three months ended June 30, 2012 and in Part 1, Item 1A (Risk Factors) in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011. Moreover, we operate in a very competitive and rapidly changing environment. New risks emerge from time to time. It is not possible for our management to predict all risks, nor can we assess the effect of all factors on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements we may make. In light of these risks, uncertainties and assumptions, the forward-looking events and circumstances discussed in this report may not occur and actual results could differ materially and adversely from those anticipated or implied in the forward-looking statements.

You should not rely on forward-looking statements as predictions of future events. Although we believe that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee that the future results, levels of activity, performance or events and circumstances reflected in the forward-looking statements will be achieved or occur. Moreover, except as required by law, neither we nor any other person assumes responsibility for the accuracy and completeness of the forward-looking statements, and we undertake no obligation to update publicly any forward-looking statements for any reason after the date of this report to conform these statements to actual results or to changes in our expectations.

 

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PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Financial Statements

ZILLOW, INC.

CONDENSED BALANCE SHEETS

(in thousands, except share data, unaudited)

 

     September 30,     December 31,  
     2012     2011  

Assets

    

Current assets:

    

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 188,858      $ 47,926   

Short-term investments

     40,024        28,925   

Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $878 and $683 at September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively

     8,639        5,638   

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     3,223        3,214   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current assets

     240,744        85,703   

Long-term investments

     —          15,285   

Property and equipment, net

     12,878        7,227   

Goodwill

     35,375        3,676   

Intangible assets, net

     9,069        4,532   

Other assets

     286        245   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 298,352      $ 116,668   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Liabilities and shareholders’ equity

    

Current liabilities:

    

Accounts payable

   $ 2,660      $ 1,681   

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities

     5,387        4,893   

Accrued compensation and benefits

     2,393        1,587   

Deferred revenue

     8,720        5,769   

Deferred rent, current portion

     92        60   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

     19,252        13,990   

Deferred rent, net of current portion

     2,950        1,347   

Other non-current liabilities

     —          118   

Commitments and contingencies (Note 12)

    

Shareholders’ equity:

    

Preferred stock, $0.0001 par value; 30,000,000 shares authorized as of September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011; no shares issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011

     —          —     

Class A common stock, $0.0001 par value; 600,000,000 shares authorized as of September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011; 25,847,566 and 18,580,292 shares issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively

     3        2   

Class B common stock, $0.0001 par value; 15,000,000 shares authorized as of September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011; 7,563,276 and 9,528,313 shares issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011

     1        1   

Additional paid-in capital

     348,363        178,817   

Accumulated deficit

     (72,217     (77,607
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total shareholders’ equity

     276,150        101,213   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity

   $ 298,352      $ 116,668   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to condensed financial statements.

 

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ZILLOW, INC.

CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(in thousands, except per share data, unaudited)

 

     Three Months Ended     Nine Months Ended  
     September 30,     September 30,  
     2012      2011     2012      2011  

Revenue

   $ 31,915       $ 19,057      $ 82,513       $ 46,162   

Costs and expenses:

          

Cost of revenue (exclusive of amortization) (1)

     3,623         3,084        10,237         7,614   

Sales and marketing

     14,118         7,035        34,586         18,150   

Technology and development

     6,687         3,849        17,535         10,148   

General and administrative (2)

     5,192         5,695        14,869         10,151   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total costs and expenses

     29,620         19,663        77,227         46,063   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Income (loss) from operations

     2,295         (606     5,286         99   

Other income

     39         36        104         79   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

   $ 2,334       $ (570   $ 5,390       $ 178   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net income (loss) attributable to common shareholders

   $ 2,334       $ (570   $ 5,390       $ —     

Net income (loss) per share attributable to common shareholders - basic

   $ 0.08       $ (0.02   $ 0.19       $ —     

Net income (loss) per share attributable to common shareholders - diluted

   $ 0.07       $ (0.02   $ 0.17       $ —     

Weighted-average shares outstanding - basic

     30,040         24,020        29,115         17,141   

Weighted-average shares outstanding - diluted

     32,230         24,020        31,493         20,220   

 

(1)    Amortization of website development costs and intangible assets included in technology and development is as follows:

   $ 3,198       $ 1,461      $ 7,576       $ 3,918   

(2)    General and administrative includes a facility exit charge as follows:

   $ —         $ 1,737      $ —         $ 1,737   

See accompanying notes to condensed financial statements.

 

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ZILLOW, INC.

CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(in thousands, unaudited)

 

     Nine Months Ended  
     September 30,  
     2012     2011  

Operating activities

    

Net income

   $ 5,390      $ 178   

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

    

Depreciation and amortization

     8,702        5,429   

Facility exit charge

     —          1,737   

Share-based compensation expense

     4,355        1,291   

Loss on disposal of property and equipment

     114        18   

Bad debt expense

     550        385   

Deferred rent

     1,630        496   

Amortization (accretion) of bond premium (discount)

     586        (2

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

    

Accounts receivable

     (3,546     (2,516

Prepaid expenses and other assets

     (7     (453

Accounts payable

     758        2,984   

Accrued expenses

     1,026        2,022   

Deferred revenue

     2,942        2,450   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

     22,500        14,019   

Investing activities

    

Proceeds from maturities of investments

     3,600        4,750   

Purchases of investments

     —          (3,251

Purchases of property and equipment

     (9,652     (7,460

Purchases of intangible assets

     (2,525     (1,005

Acquisitions, net of cash acquired of $2,029 in 2012 and $0 in 2011

     (36,405     (1,000
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used in investing activities

     (44,982     (7,966

Financing activities

    

Proceeds from exercise of Class A common stock options

     6,688        1,194   

Proceeds from public offering, net of offering costs

     156,726        —     

Proceeds from initial public offering, net of offering costs

     —          70,788   

Proceeds from concurrent private placement

     —          5,500   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by financing activities

     163,414        77,482   

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents during period

     140,932        83,535   

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

     47,926        12,278   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

   $ 188,858      $ 95,813   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information

    

Noncash transactions:

    

Capitalized share-based compensation

   $ 1,779      $ 358   

Class A common stock issued in connection with an acquisition

   $ —        $ 910   

Write-off of fully depreciated property and equipment

   $ 2,986      $ 2,133   

See accompanying notes to condensed financial statements.

 

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ZILLOW, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(unaudited)

 

Note 1. Organization and Description of Business

Zillow, Inc. was incorporated as a Washington corporation effective December 13, 2004. We operate a real estate information marketplace dedicated to providing vital information about homes, real estate listings, rental listings and mortgages through our mobile applications and websites, enabling homeowners, buyers, sellers and renters to connect with real estate, rental and mortgage professionals.

Certain Significant Risks and Uncertainties

We operate in a dynamic industry and, accordingly, can be affected by a variety of factors. For example, we believe that changes in any of the following areas could have a significant negative effect on us in terms of our future financial position, results of operations or cash flows: rates of revenue growth; engagement and usage of our products; scaling and adaptation of existing technology and network infrastructure; competition in our market; management of our growth; acquisitions and investments; qualified employees and key personnel; protection of our brand and intellectual property; changes in government regulation affecting our business; intellectual property infringement and other claims; protection of customers’ information and privacy concerns; and security measures related to our mobile applications and websites, among other things.

 

Note 2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying condensed financial statements have been prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) and applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) regarding interim financial reporting. Certain information and note disclosures normally included in the financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. Accordingly, these interim condensed financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and accompanying notes as of and for the year ended December 31, 2011 included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, which was filed with the SEC on March 2, 2012. The condensed balance sheet as of December 31, 2011, included herein, was derived from the audited financial statements as of that date.

The unaudited condensed interim financial statements have been prepared on the same basis as the annual financial statements and, in the opinion of management, reflect all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments, necessary to present fairly our financial position as of September 30, 2012, our results of operations for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, and our cash flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011. The results of the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2012 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the year ended December 31, 2012 or for any interim period or for any other future year.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make certain estimates, judgments and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the related disclosures at the date of the financial statements, as well as the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the periods presented. Estimates are used for revenue recognition, the allowance for doubtful accounts, website development costs, goodwill, recoverability of intangible assets with definite lives and other long-lived assets, and share-based compensation. To the extent there are material differences between these estimates, judgments, or assumptions and actual results, our financial statements will be affected.

Prior Period Adjustments

The unaudited statement of cash flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2011 has been revised to correct an immaterial error in the presentation of proceeds from investment maturities and purchases of investments. The proceeds from investment maturities and the purchases of investments for the nine months ended September 30, 2011 were overstated by equal amounts of $70.5 million related to the inadvertent inclusion of purchases and maturities of cash equivalents in such amounts. However, the corrections had no impact on total net cash used in investing activities or our statement of operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2011.

The unaudited condensed statement of operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2011 has been revised to correct an immaterial error in the presentation of net income (loss) attributable to common shareholders and basic and diluted net income (loss) per share attributable to common shareholders. Net income of $0.2 million was inadvertently ascribed to common shareholders, resulting in an overstatement of $0.2 million in the presentation of net income (loss) attributable to common shareholders and an

 

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overstatement of one cent in the presentation of basic and diluted net income (loss) per share attributable to common shareholders. For the nine months ended September 30, 2011, all net income is first allocated to the Series A, Series B and Series C convertible preferred shareholders, as the convertible preferred stock (all of which converted to Class A common stock in connection with our July 2011 initial public offering) is a participating security and the preferred shareholders have contractual preferential rights to distributions, and as a result, there is no income attributable to common shareholders.

Recently Issued Accounting Standards

In May 2011, the FASB amended existing rules covering fair value measurement and disclosure to clarify guidance and minimize differences between GAAP and International Financial Reporting Standards (“IFRS”). The guidance requires entities to provide information about valuation techniques and unobservable inputs used in Level 3 fair value measurements and provide a narrative description of the sensitivity of Level 3 measurements to changes in unobservable inputs. The guidance is effective during interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2011. We adopted this guidance on January 1, 2012. The adoption of this guidance did not have any impact on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

In June 2011, the FASB issued guidance on the presentation of comprehensive income to increase the prominence of other comprehensive income in the financial statements. An entity has the option to present the components of net income and comprehensive income in either one or two consecutive financial statements. This guidance is effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2011, with earlier adoption permitted, and must be applied retrospectively. We adopted this guidance on January 1, 2012. The adoption of this guidance did not have any impact on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows as we do not have any items of other comprehensive income in any period presented, and therefore, we are not required to report other comprehensive income or comprehensive income.

In September 2011, the FASB issued guidance on testing goodwill for impairment to permit an entity to first assess qualitative factors to determine whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount as a basis for determining whether it is necessary to perform the two-step goodwill impairment test. This guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2011, with earlier application permitted. We early adopted this guidance for our annual goodwill impairment test performed in our fourth quarter of 2011. The early adoption of this guidance did not have any impact on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

 

Note 3. Fair Value Measurements

Accounting standards define fair value as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. The standards also establish a fair value hierarchy, which requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. There are three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value:

 

   

Level 1 — Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

 

   

Level 2 — Assets and liabilities valued based on observable market data for similar instruments, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities.

 

   

Level 3 — Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity; instruments valued based on the best available data, some of which is internally developed, and considers risk premiums that a market participant would require.

We applied the following methods and assumptions in estimating our fair value measurements:

Cash equivalents — Cash equivalents are comprised of highly liquid investments, including money market funds and certificates of deposit, with original maturities of less than three months. The fair value measurement of these assets is based on quoted market prices in active markets and, therefore, these assets are recorded at fair value on a recurring basis and classified as Level 1 in the fair value hierarchy.

Short-term and long-term investments — Our investments consist of fixed income U.S. government agency securities. The fair value measurement of these assets is based on observable market-based inputs or inputs that are derived principally from or corroborated by observable market data by correlation or other means, and therefore is classified as Level 1 in the fair value hierarchy. Our U.S. government agency securities are classified as held-to-maturity and are recorded at amortized cost, as we do not intend to sell the investments, and it is not more likely than not that we will be required to sell these investments prior to maturity. The amortized cost of our U.S. government agency securities approximates their fair value.

 

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The following table presents the balances of assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of the dates presented (in thousands), all of which are classified as Level 1 in the fair value hierarchy:

 

     September 30,
2012
     December 31,
2011
 

Cash equivalents:

     

Money market funds

   $ 185,891       $ 24,201   

Certificates of deposit

     —           20,000   

Short-term investments:

     

Fixed income U.S. government agency securities

     40,024         28,925   

Long-term investments:

     

Fixed income U.S. government agency securities

     —           15,285   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 225,915       $ 88,411   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

We did not have any Level 2 or Level 3 assets or liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of September 30, 2012 or December 31, 2011.

 

Note 4. Property and Equipment, net

The following table presents the detail of property and equipment as of the dates presented (in thousands):

 

     September 30,
2012
    December 31,
2011
 

Computer equipment

   $ 8,060      $ 9,265   

Website development costs

     30,056        23,410   

Leasehold improvements

     698        519   

Software

     1,106        1,367   

Construction-in-progress

     3,750        1,629   

Office equipment, furniture and fixtures

     1,970        1,051   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Property and equipment

     45,640        37,241   

Less: accumulated amortization and depreciation

     (32,762     (30,014
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Property and equipment, net

   $ 12,878      $ 7,227   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

We recorded amortization and depreciation expense related to property and equipment (other than website development costs) of $0.4 million and $0.6 million, respectively, during the three months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, and $1.1 million and $1.5 million, respectively, during the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011.

We capitalized $3.5 million and $1.3 million, respectively, in website development costs during the three months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, and $8.9 million and $3.8 million, respectively, during the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011. Amortization expense for website development costs included in technology and development expenses was $1.8 million and $1.1 million, respectively, during the three months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, and $4.6 million and $3.0 million, respectively, during the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011.

Construction-in-progress primarily consists of website development costs that are capitalizable, but for which the associated applications had not been placed in service.

 

Note 5. Acquisition

RentJuice Corporation

On May 31, 2012, Zillow, through its wholly owned subsidiary, Renegade Acquisition, Inc., a Delaware corporation (“Merger Sub”), consummated its acquisition of RentJuice Corporation, a Delaware corporation (“RentJuice”), pursuant to an Agreement and Plan of Merger (the “Merger Agreement”) by and among Zillow, RentJuice, Merger Sub and Shareholder Representative Services LLC, acting as the stockholder representative, dated May 2, 2012. Under the terms and subject to the conditions of the Merger Agreement, Merger Sub merged with and into RentJuice with RentJuice remaining as the surviving company and a wholly owned subsidiary of Zillow (the “Merger”). On August 7, 2012, RentJuice was merged with and into Zillow, with Zillow remaining as the surviving entity. RentJuice provides rental relationship management software for landlords, property managers and rental brokers.

 

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All vested options to purchase shares of RentJuice’s common stock were cancelled and, in exchange for such cancellation, the holders of such options received cash payments representing a portion of the Merger consideration as described in the Merger Agreement. In addition, Zillow substituted unvested stock options of RentJuice outstanding as of the Merger closing and held by individuals who accepted employment or service with Zillow for stock options to purchase shares of Zillow’s Class A common stock at an exchange ratio implied by the Merger consideration as described in the Merger Agreement. In connection with the closing, approximately $4.0 million of the purchase price otherwise payable to RentJuice stockholders and holders of vested stock options has been deposited in a third-party escrow account to secure certain indemnification obligations of those equity holders.

Pursuant to the terms of the Merger Agreement, Zillow established a retention bonus plan pursuant to which restricted stock units for 280,961 shares of Zillow’s Class A common stock were granted on July 26, 2012 to employees of RentJuice who accepted employment with Zillow in proportion to each employee’s total equity holdings in RentJuice prior to the closing of the Merger. Twenty-five percent of each restricted stock unit award will vest on May 31, 2013, and the remainder will vest in substantially equal installments each three-month period thereafter for three years, subject to the recipient’s continued full-time employment or service to Zillow. In the event of termination of service by Zillow of a founder of RentJuice without cause, resignation by such founder of RentJuice for good reason or upon death or disability, any unvested units held by such founder will become vested units, and such founder of RentJuice will be entitled to receive one share of Zillow’s Class A common stock for each then outstanding unit.

Zillow’s acquisition of RentJuice has been accounted for as a business combination, and assets acquired and liabilities assumed were recorded at their estimated fair values as of May 31, 2012. Goodwill, which represents the expected synergies from combining the acquired assets and the operations of the acquirer, as well as intangible assets that do not qualify for separate recognition, is measured as of the acquisition date as the excess of consideration transferred, which is also generally measured at fair value, and the net of the acquisition date fair values of the assets acquired and the liabilities assumed. The purchase price was $38.4 million reflecting the cash amount paid for the outstanding stock of RentJuice, the payment by Zillow of certain transaction costs and expenses incurred by RentJuice, and the cash payments for the cancellation of all vested options to purchase shares of RentJuice’s common stock, as summarized in the following table (in thousands):

 

Cash paid for the outstanding stock of RentJuice

   $ 37,269   

Cash payments for the cancellation of vested options to purchase shares of RentJuice’s common stock

     486   

Certain transaction expenses and other costs incurred by RentJuice

     679   
  

 

 

 

Total purchase price

   $ 38,434   
  

 

 

 

The fair value of the RentJuice unvested stock options substituted and the restricted stock units issued in connection with the retention bonus plan relates to post-combination services and will be recorded as share-based compensation expense over the related vesting periods.

Intangible assets acquired consisted of the following (in thousands):

 

            Estimated
Amortization
Period
(in years)

Developed technology

   $ 4,000       7

Customer relationships

     500       3

Trademarks

     500       5
  

 

 

    

Total intangible assets acquired

   $ 5,000      
  

 

 

    

The estimated fair value of the intangible assets acquired was determined by the Company, and we considered or relied in part upon a valuation report of a third-party expert. We used an income approach to measure the fair value of the developed technology based on the multi-period excess earnings method, whereby the fair value is estimated based upon the present value of cash flows that the applicable asset is expected to generate. We used a cost approach to measure the fair value of the customer relationships based on the estimated cost to reacquire the customers. We used an income approach to measure the fair value of the trademarks based on the relief-from-royalty method. These fair value measurements were based on Level 3 measurements under the fair value hierarchy.

Net tangible assets were valued at their respective carrying amounts, as we believe that these amounts approximate their current fair values.

 

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The total purchase consideration has been allocated to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed, including identifiable intangible assets, based on their respective fair values at the acquisition date. Based upon the fair values determined by the Company, in which we considered or relied in part upon a valuation report of a third-party expert, the total purchase price was allocated as follows (in thousands):

 

Cash

   $ 2,029   

Other identifiable tangible assets

     97   
  

 

 

 

Total tangible assets

     2,126   
  

 

 

 

Accounts payable

     (59

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities

     (139

Accrued compensation and benefits

     (178

Other identifiable liabilities

     (15
  

 

 

 

Total liabilities

     (391
  

 

 

 

Net acquired tangible assets

     1,735   
  

 

 

 

Identifiable intangible assets

     5,000   

Goodwill

     31,699   
  

 

 

 

Total purchase price allocation

   $ 38,434   
  

 

 

 

We also acquired net deferred tax assets of $0.4 million for RentJuice, and we have established a full valuation allowance against the acquired net deferred tax assets.

Acquisition-related expenses incurred, including legal and accounting fees and other external costs directly related to the acquisition, were expensed as incurred. Acquisition-related expenses of $0.7 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 are included in general and administrative expenses.

The results of operations related to the acquisition of RentJuice have been included in our financial statements since the date of acquisition of May 31, 2012. However, disclosure of the amounts of revenue and earnings of the acquiree since the acquisition date is impracticable because discrete financial information is not available as we have one operating segment.

The following pro forma condensed combined financial information gives effect to the acquisition of RentJuice as if it were consummated on January 1, 2011 (the beginning of the comparable prior reporting period), and includes pro forma adjustments related to the amortization of acquired intangible assets, share-based compensation expense and direct and incremental transaction costs reflected in the historical financial statements. The pro forma condensed combined financial information is presented for informational purposes only. The pro forma condensed combined financial information is not intended to represent or be indicative of the results of operations that would have been reported had the acquisition occurred on January 1, 2011 and should not be taken as representative of future results of operations of the combined company.

The following table presents the pro forma condensed combined financial information (in thousands, except per share amounts):

 

     Three Months Ended
September 30,
    Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
     2012      2011     2012      2011  

Revenue

   $ 31,915       $ 19,146      $ 82,787       $ 46,398   

Net income (loss) attributable to common shareholders

   $ 2,334       $ (2,461   $ 2,452       $ (4,896

Net income (loss) per share attributable to common shareholders - basic

   $ 0.08       $ (0.10   $ 0.08       $ (0.29

Net income (loss) per share attributable to common shareholders - diluted

   $ 0.07       $ (0.10   $ 0.08       $ (0.29

 

Note 6. Goodwill

The following table presents the change in goodwill from December 31, 2011 through September 30, 2012 (in thousands):

 

Balance as of December 31, 2011

   $ 3,676   

Goodwill recorded in connection with the acquisition of RentJuice

     31,699   
  

 

 

 

Balance as of September 30, 2012

   $ 35,375   
  

 

 

 

None of the goodwill recorded in connection with the acquisition of RentJuice is deductible for tax purposes. All of the goodwill recorded as of December 31, 2011 is deductible for tax purposes.

 

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Note 7. Intangible Assets

The following table presents the detail of intangible assets subject to amortization as of the dates presented (in thousands):

 

     September 30,
2012
    December 31,
2011
 

Purchased content

   $ 7,495      $ 5,150   

Developed technology

     6,635        2,635   

Customer relationships

     1,224        724   

Trademarks

     461        461   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Intangible assets

     15,815        8,970   

Less: accumulated amortization

     (6,746     (4,438
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Intangible assets, net

   $ 9,069      $ 4,532   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Amortization expense recorded for intangible assets for the three months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011 was $1.4 million and $0.4 million, respectively. Amortization expense recorded for intangible assets for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011 was $3.0 million and $0.9 million, respectively. For the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2012, amortization expense included $0.5 million of additional amortization expense recorded for a trademark intangible asset related to an acquisition, based on a change in the estimated useful life of the intangible asset. These amounts are included in technology and development expenses.

 

Note 8. Income Taxes

We are subject to federal and state income taxes in the United States. During the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, we did not have taxable income, and we are not projecting taxable income for the year ending December 31, 2012. We have provided a full valuation allowance against our net deferred tax assets as of September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 because, based on the weight of available evidence, it is more likely than not (a likelihood of more than 50%) that some or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. Therefore, no tax liability or expense has been recorded in the financial statements. We have accumulated federal tax losses of approximately $68.6 million as of December 31, 2011, which are available to reduce future taxable income.

We have established a valuation allowance of $0.4 million related to the net deferred tax assets of RentJuice, which we acquired on May 31, 2012.

 

Note 9. Shareholders’ Equity

Upon the effectiveness of our registration statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-173570) on July 19, 2011, all of the outstanding shares of convertible preferred stock and all of the outstanding shares of Class C common stock automatically converted into 9,276,190 and 2,305,980 shares of Class A common stock, respectively. Our Class A common stock has no preferences or privileges and is not redeemable. Holders of Class A common stock are entitled to one vote for each share.

Our Class B common stock has no preferences or privileges and is not redeemable. At any time after the date of issuance, each share of Class B common stock, at the option of the holder, may be converted into one share of Class A common stock, or automatically converted upon the affirmative vote by or written consent of holders of a majority of the shares of the Class B common stock. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012, 777,750 and 1,965,037 shares, respectively, of Class B common stock were converted into Class A common stock at the option of the holders. Holders of Class B common stock are entitled to 10 votes for each share.

On July 25, 2011, we closed our initial public offering (“IPO”) of 3,981,300 shares of our Class A common stock at an offering price of $20.00 per share, including 519,300 shares of our Class A common stock pursuant to the underwriters’ option to purchase additional shares, and also closed the sale of 274,999 shares of our Class A common stock in a private placement at a price of $20.00 per share, resulting in net proceeds to us of $76.2 million after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions and estimated expenses payable in connection with the IPO.

In September 2012, we sold 3,844,818 shares of our Class A common stock, including 419,818 shares of our Class A common stock pursuant to the underwriters’ option to purchase additional shares, and certain shareholders sold 575,000 shares of our Class A common stock, at a price of $43.00 per share. We received net proceeds of $156.7 million after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions and estimated offering expenses payable by us. We received no proceeds from the sale of our Class A common stock by the selling shareholders.

 

Note 10. Share-Based Awards

On July 19, 2011, our 2011 Incentive Plan (the “2011 Plan”) became effective and was subsequently amended and restated effective as of June 1, 2012, to, among other things, increase the total number of authorized shares and include material terms of

 

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performance goals for performance-based awards. The 2011 Plan is administered by the compensation committee of the board of directors. Under the terms of the 2011 Plan, the compensation committee of the board of directors may grant equity awards, including incentive stock options, nonqualified stock options, restricted stock or restricted stock units, to employees, officers, directors, consultants, agents, advisors and independent contractors. After the effective date of the 2011 Plan, all equity awards have been granted under the 2011 Plan. On June 13, 2012, we filed a registration statement on Form S-8 under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), to register an additional 53,231 shares of Class A common stock available for future issuance upon exercise of outstanding options substituted by us for options originally granted by RentJuice, an additional 1,000,000 shares of Class A common stock pursuant to a share increase under the 2011 Plan approved by our shareholders on June 1, 2012, and an additional 10,500,000 shares of Class A common pursuant to the automatic annual share increase under the 2011 Plan that first becomes effective January 1, 2013.

Stock Options

All stock options outstanding at September 30, 2012 are nonqualified stock options. Options under the 2011 Plan are granted with an exercise price per share not less than 100% of the fair market value of our Class A common stock on the date of grant, and are exercisable at such times and under such conditions as determined by the compensation committee. Under the 2011 Plan, the maximum term of an award is ten years from the date of grant. Any portion of an award that is not vested and exercisable on the date of a participant’s termination of service expires on such date. Employees generally forfeit their rights to exercise vested awards after 3 months or 12 months following their termination of employment, depending on the reason for the termination. Awards granted under the 2011 Plan are typically granted with seven-year terms and typically vest 25% after 12 months and ratably thereafter over the next 36 months, except for awards granted under the Stock Option Grant Program for Nonemployee Directors (“Nonemployee Director Awards”), which are fully vested and exercisable on the grant date.

The following table summarizes stock option activity for the year ended December 31, 2011 and the nine months ended September 30, 2012:

 

     Options
Available
for Grant
    Number
of Shares
Subject to
Existing
Options
    Weighted-
Average
Exercise
Price Per
Share
     Weighted-
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Life (Years)
     Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
 

Outstanding at December 31, 2010

     1,021,571        5,010,310      $ 4.03         4.48       $ 3,843,806   

Authorized increase in plan shares

     1,477,514        —         —          

Granted

     (1,688,636     1,688,636        10.25         

Exercised

     —         (1,169,115     2.50         

Forfeited or cancelled

     168,575        (168,575     7.05         
  

 

 

   

 

 

         

Outstanding at December 31, 2011

     979,024        5,361,256        6.23         4.51         89,749,207   

Authorized increase in plan shares

     1,053,231        —         —          

Granted

     (1,200,310     1,200,310        31.00         

Exercised

     —         (1,454,663     4.60         

Forfeited or cancelled

     90,281        (90,281     19.63         
  

 

 

   

 

 

         

Outstanding at September 30, 2012

     922,226        5,016,622        12.38         4.78         149,491,719   

Vested and exercisable at September 30, 2012

       2,191,996        6.09         3.67         79,118,121   

The fair value of options granted, excluding Nonemployee Director Awards, is estimated at the date of grant using the Black-Scholes-Merton option-pricing model, assuming no dividends and with the following assumptions for the periods presented:

 

     Three Months Ended
September 30,
   Nine Months Ended
September 30,
     2012    2011    2012    2011

Expected volatility

   49%    50%    49%-52%    50%-52%

Expected dividend yields

   —      —      —      —  

Risk-free interest rate

   0.52% - 0.54%    0.80% - 1.15%    0.52% - 0.91%    0.80% - 2.00%

Weighted-average expected life

   4.58 years    4.58 years    4.58 years    4.58 years

Weighted-average fair value of options granted

   $16.21    $12.96    $14.66    $3.73

In March 2012, stock options for 45,005 shares of our Class A common stock were granted as Nonemployee Director Awards. The fair value of options granted for the Nonemployee Director Awards, $11.52 per share, is estimated at the date of grant using the Black-Scholes-Merton option-pricing model, assuming no dividends, expected volatility of 51%, a risk-free interest rate of 0.43%, and a weighted-average expected life of 3.5 years. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012, share-based compensation expense recognized in our statement of operations related to Nonemployee Director Awards was $0 and $0.5 million, respectively, and is included in general and administrative expenses.

 

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Restricted Stock

In consideration for the acquisition of substantially all of the operating assets of Diverse Solutions, Inc. (“Diverse Solutions”) under the terms of the asset purchase agreement, Zillow issued to Diverse Solutions 75,000 restricted shares of Zillow’s Class A common stock effective on October 31, 2011. The grant date fair value of the restricted shares is approximately $2.2 million. One-third of the restricted shares vested and are no longer subject to forfeiture as of October 31, 2012, the first anniversary of the vesting commencement date. The remaining shares will vest ratably over the twenty-four months following such first anniversary, subject to Justin LaJoie’s (the controlling shareholder of Diverse Solutions) continued employment or service to Zillow. In the event of Mr. LaJoie’s termination of service by Zillow without cause or by Mr. LaJoie for good reason, any unvested shares on the date of such termination will become vested and no longer subject to forfeiture.

The fair value of the restricted shares relates to post-combination services and will be recorded as share-based compensation expense over the vesting period. As of September 30, 2012, there was $1.5 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to the restricted shares.

Restricted Stock Units

Pursuant to the terms of the Agreement and Plan of Merger entered into between RentJuice, Zillow and certain other parties, Zillow adopted a retention bonus plan in connection with the closing of the merger pursuant to which restricted stock units for 280,961 shares of our Class A common stock were granted on July 26, 2012 to former employees of RentJuice who accepted employment with Zillow in proportion to each employee’s total equity holdings in RentJuice prior to the closing of the merger. The grant date fair value of the restricted shares is approximately $11.2 million. Twenty-five percent of each restricted stock unit award will vest on May 31, 2013, and the remainder will vest in substantially equal installments each three-month period thereafter for three years, subject to the recipient’s continued full-time employment or service to Zillow. In the event of termination of service by Zillow of a founder of RentJuice without cause, resignation by such founder of RentJuice for good reason or upon death or disability, any unvested units held by such founder will become vested units, and such founder of RentJuice will be entitled to receive one share of Zillow’s Class A common stock for each then outstanding unit.

The fair value of the restricted stock units relates to post-combination services and will be recorded as share-based compensation expense over the vesting period. As of September 30, 2012, there was $10.4 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to the restricted stock units.

Share-Based Compensation Expense

The following table presents the effects of share-based compensation in our statements of operations during the periods presented (in thousands):

 

     Three Months Ended
September 30,
     Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
     2012      2011      2012      2011  

Cost of revenue

   $ 94       $ 48       $ 271       $ 134   

Sales and marketing

     870         85         1,349         259   

Technology and development

     374         135         1,182         311   

General and administrative

     374         220         1,553         587   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 1,712       $ 488       $ 4,355       $ 1,291   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

Note 11. Net Income (Loss) Per Share Attributable to Common Shareholders

Basic net income (loss) per share is computed by dividing net income (loss) attributable to common shareholders by the weighted-average number of common shares (including Class A common stock, Class B common stock and Class C common stock) outstanding during the period. In the calculation of basic net income (loss) per share attributable to common shareholders, undistributed earnings are allocated assuming all earnings during the period were distributed. Net income is first allocated to the Series A, Series B and Series C convertible preferred shareholders, as the convertible preferred stock is a participating security and the preferred shareholders have contractual preferential rights to distributions. For the three months ended September 30, 2011, the net loss is allocated entirely to the Class A common stock, Class B common stock and Class C common stock. For the nine months ended September 30, 2011, all income was allocated to Series A, Series B and Series C convertible preferred shareholders, and as a result, there was no income attributable to common shareholders.

Diluted net income (loss) per share attributable to common shareholders is computed by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted-average number of common shares (including Class A common stock, Class B common stock and Class C common stock)

 

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outstanding during the period and potentially dilutive Class A common stock equivalents, except in cases where the effect of the Class A common stock equivalent would be antidilutive. Potential Class A common stock equivalents consist of Class A common stock issuable upon exercise of stock options and Class A common stock underlying nonvested restricted stock and restricted stock units using the treasury stock method.

For the periods presented, the following Class A common stock equivalents were included in the computation of diluted net income (loss) per share attributable to common shareholders because they had a dilutive impact (in thousands):

 

     Three Months Ended
September 30,
     Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
     2012      2011      2012      2011  

Class A common stock issuable upon the exercise of stock options

     2,142         —           2,324         3,078   

Class A common stock underlying nonvested restricted stock

     44         —           54         —     

Class A common stock underlying nonvested restricted stock units

     4         —           —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Class A common stock equivalents

     2,190         —           2,378         3,078   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

For the three months ended September 30, 2011, 5,661,677 shares underlying stock options have been excluded from the calculations of diluted net income (loss) per share attributable to common shareholders because their effect would have been antidilutive.

In the event of liquidation, dissolution, distribution of assets or winding-up of the Company, the holders of all classes of common stock have equal rights to receive all the assets of the Company after the rights of the holders of the preferred stock have been satisfied. We have not presented net income (loss) per share attributable to common shareholders under the two-class method for our Class A common stock, Class B common stock and Class C common stock because it would be the same for each class due to equal dividend and liquidation rights for each class.

 

Note 12. Commitments and Contingencies

Lease Commitments

We have various operating leases for office space and equipment. We moved into our current headquarters in Seattle, Washington in August 2011 under an operating lease for which we will be obligated to make escalating monthly lease payments beginning in December 2012 and continuing through November 2022. In June 2012, we entered into a lease amendment for our corporate headquarters in Seattle, Washington which increases the rentable area of the premises by 21,575 square feet. In April 2012, we entered into an operating lease in Irvine, California for 20,025 square feet under which we are obligated to make escalating monthly lease payments which began in August 2012 and continue through July 2022. We lease additional office space in San Francisco, California, Irvine, California, Chicago, Illinois and New York, New York.

The operating lease for our prior headquarters in Seattle, Washington, which we vacated in August 2011, expires in February 2013. As a result of vacating the office space, during the year ended December 31, 2011 we recorded a facility exit charge for $1.7 million related to costs that will continue to be incurred under the operating lease for the remaining term. As of September 30, 2012, there was $0.5 million of accrued facility exit costs included in accrued expenses and other current liabilities. A summary of activity for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 related to the facility exit charge accrual is as follows (in thousands):

 

Balance, beginning of the period

   $ 1,541   

Charges and adjustments

     83   

Less: cash payments

     (1,095
  

 

 

 

Balance, end of period

   $ 529   
  

 

 

 

 

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Future minimum payments for all operating leases as of September 30, 2012 are as follows (in thousands):

 

Remainder of 2012

   $ 495   

2013

     3,178   

2014

     3,057   

2015

     3,159   

2016

     3,263   

All future years

     21,128   
  

 

 

 

Total future minimum lease payments

   $ 34,280   
  

 

 

 

Rent expense for the three months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011 was $0.7 million and $0.7 million, respectively. Rent expense for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011 was $1.8 million and $1.6 million, respectively.

Purchase Commitments

As of September 30, 2012, we had non-cancelable purchase commitments for content related to our mobile applications and websites totaling $12.9 million. The amounts due for this content as of September 30, 2012 are as follows (in thousands):

 

Remainder of 2012

   $ 746   

2013

     2,988   

2014

     3,030   

2015

     3,130   

2016

     2,238   

All future years

     817   
  

 

 

 

Total future purchase commitments

   $ 12,949   
  

 

 

 

Line of Credit and Letters of Credit

During March 2011, we entered into a loan and security agreement with a financial institution to establish a line of credit of $4.0 million. In April 2012, we amended our loan and security agreement to increase our line of credit from $4.0 million to $25.0 million. The line of credit is secured by substantially all our assets, including our intellectual property, and provides us with flexibility for future potential financing needs. The revolving line of credit contains customary financial covenants, including the maintenance of a minimum adjusted quick ratio (calculated as (i) unrestricted cash plus net accounts receivable divided by (ii) current liabilities less the sum of deferred revenue and any indebtedness owing from borrower to bank), measured on a monthly basis, of 1.50 to 1.00, and minimum Adjusted EBITDA, measured on a quarterly basis, of greater than or equal to negative $5 million for each quarterly period through December 31, 2012 and greater than or equal to $0 for each quarterly period thereafter. In addition, the revolving line of credit contains customary restrictions on our ability to, among other things, engage in certain mergers and acquisition transactions and create liens on assets. The revolving line of credit contains customary events of default that include, among others, non-payment of principal, interest or fees, violation of certain covenants, inaccuracy of representations and warranties, bankruptcy and insolvency events and material judgments. The occurrence of an event of default will increase the applicable rate of interest by five percentage points and could result in the acceleration of Zillow’s obligations under the revolving line of credit. As of September 30, 2012, we were in compliance with all covenants, and there were no amounts outstanding under the line of credit. The line of credit is available through April 2016.

In March 2011, we executed a standby letter of credit of $1.5 million in connection with the lease of our Seattle offices, and in July 2012, we amended the standby letter of credit to increase the amount to approximately $1.7 million. We also have four outstanding letters of credit totaling $0.6 million as of September 30, 2012, payable to the landlord of our prior headquarters office in Seattle, Washington, in the event we default on our lease, which expires in February 2013. The letters of credit are secured by our investments and are effective until 60 days after the expiration date of the lease.

Legal Proceedings

There have been no material developments in legal proceedings during the nine months ended September 30, 2012. For a description of previously reported legal proceedings, refer to Part I, Item 3 (Legal Proceedings) of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011.

From time to time, we are involved in litigation and claims that arise in the ordinary course of business. Although we cannot be certain of the outcome of any litigation and claims, nor the amount of damages and exposure that we could incur, we currently believe that the final disposition of such matters will not have a material effect on our financial position, results of operations or cash flow.

 

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This forward-looking statement is based on management’s current understanding of the relevant law and facts, and it is subject to various contingencies, including the potential costs and risks associated with litigation and the actions of arbitrators, judges and juries. Regardless of the outcome, litigation can have an adverse impact on us because of defense and settlement costs, diversion of management resources and other factors.

 

Note 13. Segment Information and Revenue

We have one reportable segment. Our reportable segment has been identified based on how our chief operating decision-maker manages our business, makes operating decisions and evaluates operating performance. The chief executive officer acts as the chief operating decision-maker and reviews financial and operational information on an entity-wide basis. We have one business activity and there are no segment managers who are held accountable for operations, operating results or plans for levels or components. Accordingly, we have determined that we have a single reporting segment and operating unit structure.

The chief executive officer reviews information about revenue categories for purposes of allocating resources and evaluating financial performance. The following table presents our revenue categories during the periods presented (in thousands):

 

     Three Months Ended
September 30,
     Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
     2012      2011      2012      2011  

Marketplace revenue

   $ 23,616       $ 11,840       $ 59,832       $ 28,443   

Display revenue

     8,299         7,217         22,681         17,719   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 31,915       $ 19,057       $ 82,513       $ 46,162   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

Note 14. Subsequent Events

In October 2012, Zillow, The Guru Group, LLC (dba Buyfolio.com), a New York limited liability company (“Buyfolio”), and the members of Buyfolio, entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement providing for the acquisition of Buyfolio by Zillow. Buyfolio is an online and mobile collaborative shopping platform where home shoppers can search, track, organize and discuss for-sale listings with their real estate agent, significant other, or a private group. The acquisition closed in October 2012. Under the terms of the Securities Purchase Agreement, Zillow paid cash and issued to the co-founders of Buyfolio, who were also the sole members, a total of 99,000 restricted shares of Zillow’s Class A common stock effective on October 26, 2012, which shares vest over a four-year period subject to the continued employment with Zillow of the co-founders. The grant date fair value of the restricted shares is approximately $3.7 million.

In November 2012, Zillow, Mortech, Inc., a Nebraska corporation (“Mortech”), Don Kracl, Judy Kracl and Jason Steele (who are the shareholders of Mortech), and Don Kracl, in his capacity as shareholder representative, entered into a Stock Purchase Agreement providing for the acquisition of Mortech by Zillow. Mortech is a software and services company that provides mortgage-related solutions to lenders, bankers, credit unions and smaller community lenders. In consideration for the acquisition of all of the outstanding capital stock of Mortech from the shareholders, Zillow will (a) pay to the shareholders approximately $12 million in cash, less certain transactions expenses and other costs and as adjusted at closing based on Mortech’s net working capital, and (b) issue to the shareholders a total of 150,000 restricted shares of the Zillow’s Class A common stock, which will vest over a three-year period from the closing date (25% after the first year and the remaining portion in equal installments after the second and third years) subject to the achievement of certain performance metrics relating to Mortech’s business and the continued employment with Zillow of Mortech’s president, Don Kracl, and chief technology officer, Jason Steele. In connection with the closing, $1,800,000 of the cash consideration and 75,000 of the restricted shares will be deposited in a third-party escrow account to secure certain indemnification obligations of the shareholders. The Stock Purchase Agreement contains customary representations, warranties and covenants of the parties as well as conditions to closing, including, among other things, receipt of third party consents and the absence of a material adverse effect on Mortech. The acquisition of Mortech is expected to close in the fourth quarter of 2012.

Both of these transactions will be accounted for as business combinations. The fair value of the restricted shares issued in connection with these business combinations relates to post-combination services and will be recorded as share-based compensation expense over the vesting period of the awards. We have not yet completed our accounting for the acquisitions; however, we expect that the majority of the purchase price for the acquisitions will be allocated to goodwill and other identifiable intangible assets.

 

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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our condensed financial statements and related notes appearing elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. In addition to historical financial information, the following discussion contains forward-looking statements that reflect our plans, estimates and beliefs. Statements containing words such as “may,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “expect,” “intend,” “plan,” “project,” “projections,” “business outlook,” “estimate,” or similar expressions constitute forward-looking statements. Our actual results may differ materially from those contained in or implied by any forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to these differences include those discussed below and elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, including in the section titled “Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements,” those items listed in Part II, Item 1A (Risk Factors) in our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended June 30, 2012, and also those items listed in Part 1, Item 1A (Risk Factors) in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011.

Overview

We are the leading real estate information marketplace. In addition to Zillow.com, we also operate Zillow Mobile, our suite of mobile real estate applications, Zillow Mortgage Marketplace, where borrowers connect with lenders to find loans and get the competitive mortgage rates, and Zillow Rentals, a marketplace and suite of tools for rental professionals.

Zillow provides information about homes, real estate listings and mortgages through our mobile applications and websites, enabling homeowners, buyers, sellers and renters to connect with real estate and mortgage professionals best suited to meet their needs.

Our living database of more than 110 million U.S. homes — homes for sale, homes for rent and homes not currently on the market — attracts an active and vibrant community of users. Individuals and businesses that use Zillow have updated information on more than 35 million homes and added more than 115 million home photos, creating exclusive home profiles available nowhere else. These profiles include detailed information about homes, including property facts, listing information and purchase and sale data. We provide this information to our users where, when and how they want it through our industry-leading mobile applications and websites that enable consumers to access our information when they are curbside viewing homes. Using industry-leading automated valuation models, we provide current home value estimates, or Zestimates, and current rental price estimates, or Rent Zestimates, on approximately 100 million U.S. homes.

We generate revenue from local real estate professionals, primarily on an individual subscription basis, and from mortgage professionals and brand advertisers. Our revenue includes marketplace revenue, consisting of subscriptions sold to real estate agents and advertising sold on a cost per click, or CPC, basis to mortgage lenders, and display revenue consisting of advertising placements sold primarily on a cost per thousand impressions, or CPM, basis.

During the three months ended September 30, 2012, we generated revenue of $31.9 million, as compared to $19.1 million in the three months ended September 30, 2011, an increase of 67%. This increase is primarily the result of an 80% increase in our Premier Agent subscribers to 26,703 as of September 30, 2012 from 14,876 as of September 30, 2011, as well as significant growth in traffic to our mobile applications and websites. There were approximately 36.1 million average monthly unique users of our mobile applications and websites for the three months ended September 30, 2012 compared to 24.2 million average monthly unique users for the three months ended September 30, 2011, representing year-over-year growth of 49%.

As of September 30, 2012, we had 508 full-time employees, compared to 329 full-time employees as of December 31, 2011.

Key Growth Drivers

To analyze our business performance, determine financial forecasts and help develop long-term strategic plans, we frequently review the following key growth drivers:

Unique Users

Measuring unique users is important to us because our marketplace revenue depends in part on our ability to enable our users to connect with real estate and mortgage professionals, and our display revenue depends in part on the number of impressions delivered. Furthermore, our community of users improves the quality of our living database of homes with their contributions. We count a unique user the first time an individual accesses our mobile applications using a mobile device during a calendar month and the first time an individual accesses one of our websites using a web browser during a calendar month. If an individual accesses our mobile applications using different mobile devices within a given month, the first instance of access by each such mobile device is counted as a separate unique user. If an individual accesses our websites using different web browsers within a given month, the first access by each such web browser is counted as a separate unique user. If an individual accesses more than one of our websites in a single month, the first access to each website is counted as a separate unique user since unique users are tracked separately for each domain. Beginning in October 2011, we measure unique users with Google Analytics. Prior to October 2011, we measured monthly unique user metrics with Omniture analytical tools. We believe Google Analytics and Omniture result in materially consistent measurements of our monthly unique users.

 

     Average Monthly Unique
Users for the Three
Months Ended September 30,
     2011 to 2012
% Change
 
     2012      2011     
     (in thousands)         

Unique Users

     36,096         24,238         49

 

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Premier Agent Subscribers

The number of Premier Agent subscribers is an important driver of revenue growth because each subscribing agent pays us a monthly fee to participate in the program. We define a Premier Agent subscriber as an agent with a paid subscription at the end of a period.

 

     At September 30,      2011 to 2012
% Change
 
     2012      2011     

Premier Agent Subscribers

     26,703         14,876         80

Basis of Presentation

Revenue

We generate revenue from local real estate professionals, primarily on an individual subscription basis, and from mortgage professionals and brand advertisers. Our revenue includes marketplace revenue and display revenue.

Marketplace Revenue. Marketplace revenue primarily consists of subscriptions sold to real estate agents under our Premier Agent program and CPC advertising related to our Zillow Mortgage Marketplace sold to mortgage lenders.

Our Premier Agent program allows local real estate agents to establish a persistent mobile and online presence on Zillow in the zip codes they serve. We present contact information for each Premier Agent alongside home profiles and home listings within the agent’s zip code, assisting consumers in evaluating and selecting the real estate agent best suited for them. Pricing for our Premier Agent subscriptions varies by zip code and the tier level of participation, Platinum Premier, Gold Premier and Silver Premier. Subscription advertising revenue is recognized on a straight-line basis during the contractual period over which the advertising is delivered. Typical terms of our Premier Agent subscription contracts are six months. Growth in our subscription advertising product is based on our ability to continue to attract agent subscribers and drive consumer traffic to those agents through our mobile applications and our websites.

Since the launch of our Premier Agent subscription product, we have historically charged for this product based upon a percentage of the total Platinum Premier Agent views in the zip code rather than the number of impressions actually delivered. In the first three quarters of 2012, we began testing sales of our Platinum Premier Agent subscription product based upon charging for the number of impressions delivered in zip codes purchased. We began testing this impression-based sales model for our Platinum Premier Agent product to better align our revenue opportunities with increasing traffic levels to our mobile and web platforms and increasing demand by real estate agents for access to our home shoppers. We continue to evaluate the method of charging based upon impressions purchased and delivered, up to a maximum number per month, and expect to apply this method more broadly to our existing subscriber base in the fourth quarter of 2012. In our history of building our real estate and other marketplaces and product offerings, we have continually evaluated and utilized various pricing and value delivery strategies in order to increase access to our inventory and align our revenue opportunities with the growth in usage of our mobile and web platforms.

In Zillow Mortgage Marketplace, participating qualified mortgage lenders make a prepayment to gain access to consumers interested in connecting with mortgage professionals. Consumers who request rates for mortgage loans in Zillow Mortgage Marketplace are presented with personalized lender quotes from participating lenders. We only charge mortgage lenders a fee when users click on their links for more information regarding a mortgage loan quote. Mortgage lenders who exhaust their initial prepayment can then prepay additional funds to continue to participate in the marketplace.

Display Revenue. Display revenue primarily consists of graphical mobile and web advertising sold on a CPM basis to advertisers primarily in the real estate industry, including real estate brokerages, home builders, mortgage lenders and home services providers. Our advertising customers also include telecommunications, automotive, insurance and consumer products companies. We recognize display revenue as impressions are delivered to users interacting with our mobile applications or websites. Growth in display revenue depends on continuing growth in traffic to our mobile applications and websites and migration of advertising spend online from traditional broadcast and print media.

Costs and Expenses

Cost of Revenue. Our cost of revenue consists of expenses related to operating our mobile applications and websites, including associated headcount expenses, such as salaries and benefits and share-based compensation expense and bonuses. Cost of revenue also includes credit card fees, ad serving costs paid to third parties, revenue-sharing costs related to our commercial business relationships and facilities costs allocated on a headcount basis.

 

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Sales and Marketing. Sales and marketing expenses consist of headcount expenses, including salaries, commissions, benefits, share-based compensation expense and bonuses for sales, sales support, customer support, marketing and public relations employees. Sales and marketing expenses also include advertising and other sales expenses related to promotional and marketing activities and facilities costs allocated on a headcount basis.

Technology and Development. Technology and development expenses consist of headcount expenses, including salaries and benefits, share-based compensation expense and bonuses for salaried employees and contractors engaged in the design, development and testing of our mobile applications and websites, equipment and maintenance costs and facilities costs allocated on a headcount basis. Technology and development expenses also include amortization costs related to capitalized website and development activities, amortization of certain intangibles and other data agreement costs related to the purchase of data used to populate our mobile applications and websites, and amortization of intangible assets recorded in connection with acquisitions.

General and Administrative. General and administrative expenses consist of headcount expenses, including salaries, benefits, share-based compensation expense and bonuses for executive, finance, accounting, legal, human resources, recruiting and administrative support. General and administrative expenses also include legal, accounting and other third-party professional service fees, bad debt expense and facilities costs allocated on a headcount basis.

Other Income

Other income consists primarily of interest income earned on our cash and cash equivalents and investments.

Income Taxes

We are subject to federal and state income taxes in the United States. During the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, we did not have taxable income, and we are not projecting taxable income for the year ending December 31, 2012. We have provided a full valuation allowance against our net deferred tax assets as of September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 because, based on the weight of available evidence, it is more likely than not (a likelihood of more than 50%) that some or all of the deferred tax asset will not be realized. Therefore, no tax liability or expense has been recorded in the financial statements. We have accumulated federal tax losses of approximately $68.6 million as of December 31, 2011, which are available to reduce future taxable income.

 

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Results of Operations

The following tables present our results of operations for the periods indicated and as a percentage of total revenue:

 

     Three Months Ended
September 30,
    Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
     2012      2011     2012      2011  
     (in thousands, except per share data, unaudited)  

Statements of Operations Data:

          

Revenue

   $ 31,915       $ 19,057      $ 82,513       $ 46,162   

Costs and expenses:

          

Cost of revenue (exclusive of amortization) (1) (2)

     3,623         3,084        10,237         7,614   

Sales and marketing (1)

     14,118         7,035        34,586         18,150   

Technology and development (1)

     6,687         3,849        17,535         10,148   

General and administrative (1) (3)

     5,192         5,695        14,869         10,151   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total costs and expenses

     29,620         19,663        77,227         46,063   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Income (loss) from operations

     2,295         (606     5,286         99   

Other income

     39         36        104         79   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

   $ 2,334       $ (570   $ 5,390       $ 178   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net income (loss) attributable to common shareholders

   $ 2,334       $ (570   $ 5,390       $ —     

Net income per share attributable to common shareholders - basic

   $ 0.08      $ (0.02   $ 0.19      $ —     

Net income per share attributable to common shareholders - diluted

   $ 0.07      $ (0.02   $ 0.17      $ —     

Weighted-average shares outstanding - basic

     30,040         24,020        29,115         17,141   

Weighted-average shares outstanding - diluted

     32,230         24,020        31,493         20,220   

Other Financial Data:

          

Adjusted EBITDA (4)

   $ 7,624       $ 3,654      $ 18,343       $ 8,556   

 

     Three Months Ended
September 30,
     Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
     2012      2011      2012      2011  
     (in thousands, unaudited)  

(1)    Includes share-based compensation as follows:

           

Cost of revenue

   $ 94       $ 48       $ 271       $ 134   

Sales and marketing

     870         85         1,349         259   

Technology and development

     374         135         1,182         311   

General and administrative

     374         220         1,553         587   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 1,712       $ 488       $ 4,355       $ 1,291   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

(2)    Amortization of website development costs and intangible assets included in technology and development is as follows:

   $ 3,198       $ 1,461       $ 7,576       $ 3,918   

(3)    General and administrative includes a facility exit charge as follows:

   $ —         $ 1,737       $ —         $ 1,737   

 

  (4) See “Adjusted EBITDA” below for more information and for a reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to net income (loss), the most directly comparable financial measure calculated and presented in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles, or GAAP.

 

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     Three Months Ended
September 30,
    Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
     2012     2011     2012     2011  
     (unaudited)  

Percentage of Revenue:

        

Revenue

     100     100     100     100

Costs and expenses:

        

Cost of revenue (exclusive of amortization)

     11        16        12        16   

Sales and marketing

     44        37        42        39   

Technology and development

     21        20        21        22   

General and administrative

     16        30        18        22   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total costs and expenses

     93        103        94        100   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) from operations

     7        (3     6        0   

Other income

     0        0        0        0   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

     7     (3 )%      6     0
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITDA

To provide investors with additional information regarding our financial results, we have disclosed Adjusted EBITDA within this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, a non-GAAP financial measure. We have provided a reconciliation below of Adjusted EBITDA to net income (loss), the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure.

We have included Adjusted EBITDA in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q because it is a key metric used by our management and board of directors to measure operating performance and trends and to prepare and approve our annual budget. In particular, the exclusion of certain expenses in calculating Adjusted EBITDA facilitates operating performance comparisons on a period-to-period basis.

Our use of Adjusted EBITDA has limitations as an analytical tool, and you should not consider it in isolation or as a substitute for analysis of our results as reported under GAAP. Some of these limitations are:

 

   

Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect our cash expenditures or future requirements for capital expenditures or contractual commitments;

 

   

Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect changes in, or cash requirements for, our working capital needs;

 

   

Adjusted EBITDA does not consider the potentially dilutive impact of share-based compensation;

 

   

Although depreciation and amortization are non-cash charges, the assets being depreciated and amortized may have to be replaced in the future, and Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect cash capital expenditure requirements for such replacements or for new capital expenditure requirements;

 

   

Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect certain facility exit charges; and

 

   

Other companies, including companies in our own industry, may calculate Adjusted EBITDA differently than we do, limiting its usefulness as a comparative measure.

Because of these limitations, you should consider Adjusted EBITDA alongside other financial performance measures, including various cash flow metrics, net income (loss) and our other GAAP results.

The following table presents a reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to net income (loss) for each of the periods presented:

 

     Three Months Ended     Nine Months Ended  
     September 30,     September 30,  
     2012     2011     2012     2011  
     (in thousands, unaudited)  

Reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to Net Income (Loss):

        

Net income (loss)

   $ 2,334      $ (570   $ 5,390      $ 178   

Other income

     (39     (36     (104     (79

Depreciation and amortization expense

     3,617        2,035        8,702        5,429   

Share-based compensation expense

     1,712        488        4,355        1,291   

Facility exit charge

     —          1,737        —          1,737   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITDA

   $ 7,624      $ 3,654      $ 18,343      $ 8,556   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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Three Months Ended September 30, 2012 Compared to Three Months Ended September 30, 2011

Revenue

 

     Three Months Ended
September 30,
     2011 to 2012
% Change
 
     2012      2011     
     (in thousands, unaudited)         

Revenue:

        

Marketplace revenue

   $ 23,616       $ 11,840         99

Display revenue

     8,299         7,217         15
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

Total

   $ 31,915       $ 19,057         67
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

     Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
     2012     2011  

Percentage of Revenue:

    

Marketplace revenue

     74     62

Display revenue

     26     38
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

     100     100
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Overall revenue increased by $12.9 million, or 67%, for the three months ended September 30, 2012 compared to the three months ended September 30, 2011. Marketplace revenue increased by 99%, and display revenue increased by 15%. Marketplace revenue grew to $23.6 million for the three months ended September 30, 2012 from $11.8 million for the three months ended September 30, 2011, an increase of $11.8 million. Marketplace revenue represented 74% of total revenue for the three months ended September 30, 2012 compared to 62% of total revenue for the three months ended September 30, 2011. The increase in marketplace revenue was primarily attributable to growth in the number of subscribers in our Premier Agent program to 26,703 as of September 30, 2012 from 14,876 as of September 30, 2011, representing growth of 80%. The increase in marketplace revenue was also partially attributable to an 11% increase in the average monthly revenue per subscriber to $270 for the three months ended September 30, 2012 from $242 for the three months ended September 30, 2011. We calculate our average monthly revenue per subscriber by dividing the revenue generated by our Premier Agent subscription products in the period by the average number of Premier Agent subscribers in the period, divided again by the number of months in the period. The average number of Premier Agent subscribers is derived by calculating the average of the beginning and ending number of Premier Agent subscribers for the period. The increase in average monthly revenue per subscriber was primarily driven by price increases supported by growth in our audience across our mobile and desktop platforms, as well as increased sales to existing Premier Agent subscribers looking to expand their presence on our platform.

The following table presents our average monthly revenue per subscriber for each of the periods presented (unaudited):

 

     Three Months Ended  
     September 30,
2012
     June 30,
2012
     March 31,
2012
     December 31,
2011
     September 30,
2011
     June 30,
2011
     March 31,
2011
 

Average Monthly Revenue per Subscriber

   $ 270       $ 263       $ 263       $ 258       $ 242       $ 233       $ 206   

The average monthly revenue per subscriber increased sequentially during each of the quarters presented above, with the exception of the three months ended June 30, 2012 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2012. The quarterly increases in average monthly revenue per subscriber have primarily been driven by price increases supported by growth in our audience across our mobile and desktop platforms demonstrated by increases in our average monthly unique users, as well as increased sales to existing Premier Agent subscribers looking to expand their presence on our platform. The average monthly revenue per subscriber remained unchanged for the three months ended June 30, 2012 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2012, primarily because we began to monetize the third position in our buyer’s agent list in June 2012, resulting in an increase in the number of subscribers to our premier agent program as of June 30, 2012 compared to March 31, 2012, but for which the related increase in revenue is weighted more heavily to future periods.

Display revenue was $8.3 million for the three months ended September 30, 2012 compared to $7.2 million for the three months ended September 30, 2011, an increase of $1.1 million. Display revenue represented 26% of total revenue for the three months ended September 30, 2012 compared to 38% of total revenue for the three months ended September 30, 2011. The increase in display revenue was primarily the result of an increase in the number of unique users to our mobile applications and websites, which increased to 36.1 million average monthly unique users for the three months ended September 30, 2012 from 24.2 million average monthly

 

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unique users for the three months ended September 30, 2011, representing growth of 49%. The growth in unique users increased the number of graphical display impressions available for sale and advertiser demand for graphical display inventory. Although there is a relationship between the number of average monthly unique users and display revenue, there is not a direct correlation, as the Company does not sell its entire display inventory each period and some of the inventory is sold through networks and not directly through our sales team which impacts the cost per impression we charge to customers. As a result, similar to prior periods, the growth rate in the Company’s average monthly unique users outpaced the growth rate of display revenue.

Cost of Revenue

 

     Three Months Ended
September 30,
     2011 to 2012
% Change
 
     2012      2011     
     (in thousands, unaudited)         

Cost of revenue

   $ 3,623       $ 3,084         17

Cost of revenue was $3.6 million for the three months ended September 30, 2012 compared to $3.1 million for the three months ended September 30, 2011, an increase of $0.5 million, or 17%. The increase in cost of revenue was primarily attributable to increased credit card and ad serving fees of $0.3 million, increased headcount related expenses of $0.2 million, including share-based compensation, driven by growth in headcount, and a $0.4 million increase in various miscellaneous expenses, including data center operations and other costs paid to third parties. The increase in cost of revenue was partially offset by a $0.4 million decrease in revenue sharing costs related to our strategic relationship with Yahoo! Real Estate, which launched in February 2011. We expect our cost of revenue to increase in future years as we continue to incur more expenses that are associated with growth in revenue.

Sales and Marketing

 

     Three Months Ended
September 30,
     2011 to 2012
% Change
 
     2012      2011     
     (in thousands, unaudited)         

Sales and marketing

   $ 14,118       $ 7,035         101

Sales and marketing expenses were $14.1 million for the three months ended September 30, 2012 compared to $7.0 million for the three months ended September 30, 2011, an increase of $7.1 million, or 101%. The increase was primarily due to a $3.2 million increase in headcount related expenses, including share-based compensation, driven by growth in the size of our sales team to promote our marketplace business, and an increase of $3.1 million in marketing and advertising expenses, primarily related to testing of advertising spend to acquire shoppers across online and offline channels, which supports our growth initiatives. The remaining increase of $0.8 million was primarily the result of consulting costs to support our marketing and advertising spend. We expect our sales and marketing expenses to increase in future years as we continue to expand our sales team and invest more resources in extending our audience through marketing and advertising initiatives.

Technology and Development

 

     Three Months Ended
September 30,
     2011 to 2012
% Change
 
     2012      2011     
     (in thousands, unaudited)         

Technology and development

   $ 6,687       $ 3,849         74

Technology and development expenses, which include research and development costs, were $6.7 million for the three months ended September 30, 2012 compared to $3.8 million for the three months ended September 30, 2011, an increase of $2.8 million, or 74%. Approximately $1.7 million of the increase was the result of increased amortization of intangible assets, including website development costs, purchased content and acquired intangible assets. Amortization expense for the three months ended September 30, 2012 included $0.5 million of additional amortization expense recorded for a trademark intangible asset related to an acquisition, based on a change in the estimated useful life of the intangible asset. Approximately $0.8 million of the increase related to growth in headcount related expenses, including share-based compensation, as we continue to grow our engineering headcount to support current and future product initiatives. The remaining increase of $0.3 million was primarily the result of additional consulting costs.

Amortization expense included in technology and development for capitalized website development costs was $1.8 million and $1.1 million, respectively, for the three months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011. Amortization expense included in technology and development for purchased data content intangible assets was $0.5 million and $0.3 million, respectively, for the three months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011. Amortization expense included in technology and development related to intangible assets recorded in connection with acquisitions was $0.9 million and $0.1 million, respectively, for the three months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011. Other data content expense was $0.1 million and $0.2 million, respectively, for the three months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011. While we expect our technology and development expenses to increase over time as we continue to build new mobile and website functionality, we expect these expenses will decrease as a percentage of revenue.

 

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General and Administrative

 

     Three Months Ended
September 30,
     2011 to 2012
% Change
 
     2012      2011     
     (in thousands, unaudited)         

General and administrative

   $ 5,192       $ 5,695         (9 %) 

General and administrative expenses were $5.2 million for the three months ended September 30, 2012 compared to $5.7 million for the three months ended September 30, 2011, a decrease of $0.5 million, or 9%. The decrease in general and administrative expenses was primarily a result of a decrease in expense of $1.7 million related to a facility exit charge that was recorded during the three months ended September 30, 2011, offset by an increase of $0.3 million in headcount related expenses, including share-based compensation, driven primarily by growth in headcount. The remaining $0.9 million offsetting increase was the result of increases in various miscellaneous expenses, including professional service fees, state and local taxes and bad debt expense. Although general and administrative expenses may increase in the near term, we expect these expenses will decrease as a percentage of revenue in the long term.

Nine Months Ended September 30, 2012 Compared to Nine Months Ended September 30, 2011

Revenue

 

     Nine Months Ended
September 30,
     2011 to 2012
% Change
 
     2012      2011     
     (in thousands, unaudited)         

Revenue:

        

Marketplace revenue

   $ 59,832       $ 28,443         110

Display revenue

     22,681         17,719         28
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

Total

   $ 82,513       $ 46,162         79
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

     Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
     2012     2011  

Percentage of Revenue:

    

Marketplace revenue

     73     62

Display revenue

     27     38
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

     100     100
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Overall revenue increased by $36.4 million, or 79%, for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2011. Marketplace revenue increased by 110%, and display revenue increased by 28%.

Marketplace revenue grew to $59.8 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 from $28.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2011, an increase of $31.4 million. Marketplace revenue represented 73% of total revenue for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 compared to 62% of total revenue for the nine months ended September 30, 2011. The increase in marketplace revenue was primarily attributable to growth in the number of subscribers in our Premier Agent program to 26,703 as of September 30, 2012 from 14,876 as of September 30, 2011, representing growth of 80%. The increase in marketplace revenue was also partially attributable to a 10% increase in the average monthly revenue per subscriber to $261 for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 from $237 for the nine months ended September 30, 2011. The increase in average monthly revenue per subscriber was primarily driven by price increases supported by growth in our audience across our mobile and desktop platform, as well as increased inventory sales to existing Premier Agent subscribers looking to expand their presence on our platform.

Display revenue was $22.7 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 compared to $17.7 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2011, an increase of $5.0 million. Display revenue represented 27% of total revenue for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 compared to 38% of total revenue for the nine months ended September 30, 2011. The increase in display revenue was primarily the result of an increase in the number of unique users to our mobile applications and websites which increased to 36.1 million average monthly unique users for the three months ended September 30, 2012 from 24.2 million average monthly unique users for the three months ended September 30, 2011, representing growth of 49%. The growth in unique users increased the number of graphical display impressions available for sale and advertiser demand for graphical display inventory.

 

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Cost of Revenue

 

     Nine Months Ended
September 30,
     2011 to 2012
% Change
 
     2012      2011     
     (in thousands, unaudited)         

Cost of revenue

   $ 10,237       $ 7,614         34

Cost of revenue was $10.2 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 compared to $7.6 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2011, an increase of $2.6 million, or 34%. The increase in cost of revenue was partially attributable to a $0.7 million increase in headcount related expenses, including share-based compensation, driven by growth in headcount, and a $0.7 million increase in credit card and ad serving fees. The remaining increase of $1.2 million was primarily the result of a $0.4 million increase in revenue sharing costs related to our strategic relationship with Yahoo! Real Estate, which launched in February 2011, a $0.3 million increase in multiple listing fees and data entry fees, as well as increases in various miscellaneous expenses, including data center operations.

Sales and Marketing

 

     Nine Months Ended
September 30,
     2011 to 2012
% Change
 
     2012      2011     
     (in thousands, unaudited)         

Sales and marketing

   $ 34,586       $ 18,150         91

Sales and marketing expenses were $34.6 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 compared to $18.2 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2011, an increase of $16.4 million, or 91%. The increase was primarily the result of a $7.6 million increase in marketing and advertising expenses, primarily related to testing of advertising spend to acquire shoppers across online and offline channels, which supports our growth initiatives, and growth in headcount related expenses of $7.1 million, including share-based compensation, driven primarily by an increase in the size of our sales team to promote our marketplace business. The remaining increase of $1.7 million was primarily the result of additional consulting costs to support our marketing and advertising spend.

Technology and Development

 

     Nine Months Ended
September 30,
     2011 to 2012
% Change
 
     2012      2011     
     (in thousands, unaudited)         

Technology and development

   $ 17,535       $ 10,148         73

Technology and development expenses, which include research and development costs, were $17.5 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 compared to $10.1 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2011, an increase of $7.4 million, or 73%. Approximately $3.7 million of the increase was the result of amortization of intangible assets, including website development costs, purchased content and acquired intangible assets. Amortization expense for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 included $0.5 million of additional amortization expense recorded for a trademark intangible asset related to an acquisition, based on a change in the estimate useful life of the intangible asset. Approximately $3.0 million of the increase related to growth in headcount related expenses, including share-based compensation, as we continue to grow our engineering headcount to support current and future product initiatives, and the remaining increase of $0.7 million was primarily the result of additional engineering consulting costs and other miscellaneous expenses.

Amortization expense included in technology and development for capitalized website development costs was $4.6 million and $3.0 million, respectively, for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011. Amortization expense included in technology and development for purchased data content intangible assets was $1.5 million and $0.7 million, respectively, for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011. Amortization expense included in technology and development related to intangible assets recorded in connection with acquisitions was $1.5 million and $0.2 million, respectively, for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011. Other data content expense was $0.3 million and $0.6 million, respectively, for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011.

 

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General and Administrative

 

     Nine Months Ended
September 30,
     2011 to 2012
% Change
 
     2012      2011     
     (in thousands, unaudited)         

General and administrative

   $ 14,869       $ 10,151         46

General and administrative expenses were $14.9 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 compared to $10.2 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2011, an increase of $4.7 million, or 46%. The increase in general and administrative expenses was a result of an increase of $2.3 million in headcount related expenses, including share-based compensation, driven primarily by growth in headcount, a $0.9 million increase in professional services fees, including $0.7 million of costs incurred in connection with our acquisition of RentJuice, a $0.8 million increase in building lease related expenses including rent, utilities and insurance, a $0.8 million increase in state and local taxes, including the impact of a $0.3 million tax credit received in 2011 relating to a refund of certain state and local taxes from 2006 to 2009, which resulted in less state and local tax expense during the nine months ended September 30, 2011, a $0.4 million increase in travel and meals expense, an increase of $0.2 million in business and license fees, and a $0.8 million increase in various other miscellaneous expenses including bad debt expense and consulting. The increase in general and administrative expenses was partially offset by a decrease in expense of $1.7 million related to a facility exit charge that was recorded during the nine months ended September 30, 2011.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Prior to our initial public offering during July 2011, we funded our operations primarily from the issuance of common and preferred stock. Through 2007, we raised approximately $81.0 million through various offerings of our convertible preferred stock and approximately $5.9 million from the sale of our common stock.

On July 25, 2011, we sold and issued 3,981,300 shares of our Class A common stock, including 519,300 shares of Class A common stock pursuant to the underwriters’ option to purchase additional shares, at a public offering price of $20.00 per share, and we sold and issued 274,999 shares of our Class A common stock at a price of $20.00 per share in a concurrent private placement. As a result of the offerings, we received net proceeds of approximately $76.3 million, after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions of approximately $5.6 million and additional offering-related expenses of $3.3 million, for total expenses of $8.9 million. The net offering proceeds have been invested into money market funds, certificates of deposit and U.S. treasury securities.

In September 2012, we sold 3,844,818 shares of our Class A common stock, including 419,818 shares of our Class A common stock pursuant to the underwriters’ option to purchase additional shares, and certain shareholders sold 575,000 shares of our Class A common stock, at a price of $43.00 per share. The nets proceeds for all shares sold by us in the public offering were approximately $156.7 million after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions of approximately $7.9 million and additional offering-related expenses of $0.7 million, for total expenses of $8.6 million. We received no proceeds from the sale of our Class A common stock by the selling shareholders. The net offering proceeds have been invested into money market funds.

As of September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, we had cash and cash equivalents and short-term and long-term investments of $228.9 million and $92.1 million, respectively. Cash and cash equivalents balances consist of operating cash on deposit with financial institutions and money market funds. Short-term and long-term investments as of September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 consisted of U.S. government agency securities. Amounts on deposit with third-party financial institutions exceed the applicable Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation and the Securities Investor Protection Corporation insurance limits, as applicable. We believe that cash from operations and cash and cash equivalents and investment balances will be sufficient to meet our ongoing operating activities, working capital, capital expenditures and other capital requirements for at least the next 12 months.

During March 2011, we entered into a loan and security agreement with a financial institution to establish a line of credit of $4.0 million. In April 2012, we amended our loan and security agreement to increase our line of credit from $4.0 million to $25.0 million. The line of credit is secured by substantially all our assets, including our intellectual property, and provides us with flexibility for future potential financing needs. The revolving line of credit contains customary financial covenants, including the maintenance of a minimum adjusted quick ratio (calculated as (i) unrestricted cash plus net accounts receivable divided by (ii) current liabilities less the sum of deferred revenue and any indebtedness owing from borrower to bank), measured on a monthly basis, of 1.50 to 1.00, and minimum Adjusted EBITDA, measured on a quarterly basis, of greater than or equal to negative $5 million for each quarterly period through December 31, 2012 and greater than or equal to $0 for each quarterly period thereafter. In addition, the revolving line of credit contains customary restrictions on our ability to, among other things, engage in certain mergers and acquisition transactions and create liens on assets. The revolving line of credit contains customary events of default that include, among others, non-payment of principal, interest or fees, violation of certain covenants, inaccuracy of representations and warranties, bankruptcy and insolvency events and material judgments. The occurrence of an event of default will increase the applicable rate of interest by five percentage points and could result in the acceleration of Zillow’s obligations under the revolving line of credit. As of September 30, 2012, we were in compliance with all covenants, and there were no amounts outstanding under the line of credit. The line of credit is available through April 2016.

 

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In March 2011, we executed a standby letter of credit of $1.5 million in connection with the lease of our Seattle offices, and in July 2012, we amended the standby letter of credit to increase the amount to approximately $1.7 million. We also have four outstanding letters of credit totaling $0.6 million as of September 30, 2012, payable to the landlord of our prior headquarters office in Seattle, Washington, in the event we default on our lease, which expires in February 2013. The letters of credit are secured by our investments and are effective until 60 days after the expiration date of the lease.

In May 2012, we completed the acquisition of RentJuice. The total purchase price for the acquisition of RentJuice is approximately $38.4 million. In addition, we have adopted a retention bonus plan pursuant to which restricted stock units for 280,961 shares of our Class A common stock were granted on July 26, 2012 to former employees of RentJuice who accepted employment with Zillow. Based on the allocation of the purchase price in connection with our acquisition of RentJuice, a substantial majority of the purchase price has been allocated to goodwill. We do not expect that the acquisition of RentJuice will result in a meaningful contribution to revenue in the near term. Further, we plan to invest in the RentJuice platform in the near term, which we expect will result in an increase in operating expenses, particularly for sales and marketing, technology and development and general and administrative expenses.

In October 2012, Zillow, The Guru Group, LLC (dba Buyfolio.com), a New York limited liability company (“Buyfolio”), and the members of Buyfilio, entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement providing for the acquisition of Buyfolio by Zillow. Buyfolio is an online and mobile collaborative shopping platform where home shoppers can search, track, organize and discuss for-sale listings with their real estate agent, significant other, or a private group. The acquisition closed in October 2012. Under the terms of the Securities Purchase Agreement, Zillow paid cash and issued to the co-founders of Buyfolio, who were also the sole members, a total of 99,000 restricted shares of Zillow’s Class A common stock effective on October 26, 2012, which shares vest over a four-year period subject to the continued employment with Zillow of the co-founders. The grant date fair value of the restricted shares is approximately $3.7 million.

In November 2012, Zillow, Mortech, Inc., a Nebraska corporation (“Mortech”), Don Kracl, Judy Kracl and Jason Steele (who are the shareholders of Mortech), and Don Kracl, in his capacity as shareholder representative, entered into a Stock Purchase Agreement providing for the acquisition of Mortech by Zillow. Mortech is a software and services company that provides mortgage-related solutions to lenders, bankers, credit unions and smaller community lenders. In consideration for the acquisition of all of the outstanding capital stock of Mortech from the shareholders, Zillow will (a) pay to the shareholders approximately $12 million in cash, less certain transactions expenses and other costs and as adjusted at closing based on Mortech’s net working capital, and (b) issue to the shareholders a total of 150,000 restricted shares of the Zillow’s Class A common stock, which will vest over a three-year period from the closing date (25% after the first year and the remaining portion in equal installments after the second and third years) subject to the achievement of certain performance metrics relating to Mortech’s business and the continued employment with Zillow of Mortech’s president, Don Kracl, and chief technology officer, Jason Steele. The acquisition of Mortech is expected to close in the fourth quarter of 2012, subject to the satisfaction of customary closing conditions.

The following table presents selected cash flow data for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011:

 

     Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
     2012     2011  
     (in thousands, unaudited)  

Cash Flow Data:

    

Cash flows provided by operating activities

   $ 22,500      $ 14,019   

Cash flows used in investing activities

     (44,982     (7,966

Cash flows provided by financing activities

     163,414        77,482   

Cash Flows Provided By Operating Activities

For the nine months ended September 30, 2012, net cash provided by operating activities was $22.5 million. This was primarily driven by net income of $5.4 million, adjusted by depreciation and amortization expense of $8.7 million and share-based compensation expense of $4.4 million, and an increase in the balance of deferred rent of $1.6 million. Changes in operating assets and liabilities increased cash provided by operating activities by $1.2 million.

Cash flows provided by operating activities of $14.0 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2011 was driven by net income of $0.2 million, adjusted by depreciation and amortization expense of $5.4 million, the facility exit charge of $1.7 million and share-based compensation expense of $1.3 million. Changes in operating assets and liabilities increased cash provided by operating activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2011 by $4.5 million.

 

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Cash Flows Used In Investing Activities

Our primary investing activities include the purchase and maturity of investments, the purchase of property and equipment and intangible assets, and cash paid for acquisitions.

For the nine months ended September 30, 2012, net cash used in investing activities was $45.0 million. This was the result of $36.4 million paid in connection with the acquisition of RentJuice, net of cash acquired of $2.0 million, $12.2 million of purchases for property and equipment and intangible assets, partially offset by $3.6 million of net proceeds from maturities of investments.

For the nine months ended September 30, 2011, we used $8.0 million of net cash in investing activities. This was the result of $8.5 million of purchases for property and equipment and intangible assets and $1.0 million paid in connection with our March 2011 acquisition of the operating assets of a real estate agent and rental property manager marketing service company, partially offset by $1.5 million of net proceeds from maturities of short-term investments.

Cash Flows Provided By Financing Activities

For the nine months ended September 30, 2012, net cash provided by financing activities was approximately $163.4 million, which was primarily the result of $156.7 million in proceeds to us from the public offering of our Class A common stock that closed in September 2012. In addition, we received approximately $6.7 million in proceeds from the issuance of Class A common stock from the exercise of stock options for the nine months ended September 30, 2012.

For the nine months ended September 30, 2011, net cash provided by financing activities was approximately $77.5 million, which was primarily the result of $70.8 million in proceeds from our initial public offering, net of offering costs, approximately $5.5 million in proceeds from our concurrent private placement, and $1.2 million in proceeds from the issuance of Class A common stock from the exercise of stock options.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We did not have any off-balance sheet arrangements as of September 30, 2012.

Contractual Obligations

The following table provides a summary of our contractual obligations as of September 30, 2012:

 

     Payment Due By Period  
     Total      Less Than
1 Year
     1-3 Years      3-5 Years      More Than
5 Years
 
     (in thousands)  

Operating lease obligations

   $ 34,280       $ 2,963       $ 6,130       $ 6,578       $ 18,609   

Purchase obligations

     12,949         2,988         6,110         3,851         —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 47,229       $ 5,951       $ 12,240       $ 10,429       $ 18,609   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

We have various operating leases for office space and equipment. We have entered into an operating lease for our current headquarters in Seattle, Washington under which we will be obligated to make payments beginning in December 2012 through November 2022. In June 2012, we entered into a lease amendment for our corporate headquarters in Seattle, Washington which increases the rentable area of the premises by 21,575 square feet. Our prior headquarters in Seattle, Washington is under an operating lease expiring in February 2013. In April 2012, we entered into an operating lease in Irvine, California for 20,025 square feet under which we are obligated to make escalating monthly lease payments which began in August 2012 and will continue over a period of ten years. We lease additional office space in San Francisco, California, Irvine, California, Chicago, Illinois and New York, New York. We also have purchase obligations for content related to our mobile applications and websites. We do not have any debt or capital lease obligations. The contractual commitment amounts in the table above are associated with agreements that are enforceable and legally binding. Obligations under contracts that we can cancel without a significant penalty are not included in the table above.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

Our financial statements are prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles, or GAAP. The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue, expenses and related disclosures. We evaluate our estimates and assumptions on an ongoing basis. Our estimates are based on historical experience and various other assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances. Our actual results could differ from these estimates. For information on our critical accounting policies and estimates, see Part II, Item 7 (Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations) of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011. There have been no material changes to our critical accounting policies and estimates as previously disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011.

 

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Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

We are exposed to market risks in the ordinary course of our business. These risks primarily consist of fluctuations in interest rates.

We do not have any long-term borrowings as of September 30, 2012 or December 31, 2011.

Under our current investment policy, we invest our excess cash in money market funds, FDIC-insured certificates of deposits and U.S. Treasury securities. Our current investment policy seeks first to preserve principal, second to provide liquidity for our operating and capital needs and third to maximize yield without putting our principal at risk.

Our investments are exposed to market risk due to the fluctuation of prevailing interest rates that may reduce the yield or the fair value. As our investment portfolio is primarily short-term in nature, we do not believe an immediate 10% increase in interest rates would have a material effect on the fair market value of our portfolio, and therefore we do not expect our results of operations or cash flows to be materially affected by a sudden change in market interest rates.

 

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Table of Contents
Item 4. Controls and Procedures

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

The Company maintains disclosure controls and procedures (as defined under Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended). Management, under the supervision and with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer, evaluated the effectiveness of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures pursuant to Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(b) as of September 30, 2012. Based on that evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Financial Officer concluded that these disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of September 30, 2012.

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting during the quarter ended September 30, 2012 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

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PART II — OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

There have been no material developments in legal proceedings during the quarter ended September 30, 2012. For a description of previously reported legal proceedings, refer to Part I, Item 3 (Legal Proceedings) of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011.

From time to time, we are involved in litigation and claims that arise in the ordinary course of business and although we cannot be certain of the outcome of any such litigation or claims, nor the amount of damages and exposure that we could incur, we currently believe that the final disposition of such matters will not have a material effect on our business, financial position, results of operations or cash flow. This forward-looking statement is based on management’s current understanding of the relevant law and facts; and it is subject to various contingencies, including the potential costs and risks associated with litigation and the actions of judges and juries. Regardless of the outcome, litigation can have an adverse impact on us because of defense and settlement costs, diversion of management resources and other factors.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

There have not been any material changes to the risk factors affecting our business, financial condition or future results from those set forth in Part II, Item 1A (Risk Factors) in our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the three months ended June 30, 2012 and in Part I, Item 1A (Risk Factors) in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011. However, you should carefully consider the factors discussed in such sections of our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and our Annual Report on Form 10-K, which could materially affect our business, financial condition or future results. Additional risks and uncertainties not currently known to us or that we currently deem to be immaterial also may materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and/or operating results.

 

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Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities

There were no unregistered sales of equity securities during the three months ended September 30, 2012.

Use of Proceeds from Registered Securities

On July 25, 2011 in connection with our initial public offering of our Class A common stock (IPO), we sold and issued 3,981,300 shares of our Class A common stock, including 519,300 shares of Class A common stock pursuant to the underwriters’ option to purchase additional shares, at a public offering price of $20.00 per share. The aggregate gross proceeds for all shares sold by us in the IPO were $79,626,000. The offer and sale of all of the shares in the IPO were registered under the Securities Act pursuant to a registration statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-173570), which was declared effective by the SEC on July 19, 2011, and a prospectus filed pursuant to Rule 424(b) of the Securities Act. There has been no material change in the planned use of proceeds from our initial public offering as described in our final prospectus filed with the SEC pursuant to Rule 424(b).

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable.

 

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Item 6. Exhibits

The exhibits listed below are filed as part of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

 

Exhibit
Number

 

Description

  31.1   Certification of Chief Executive Officer Pursuant to Rule 13-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 as Adopted Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
  31.2   Certification of Chief Financial Officer Pursuant to Rule 13-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 as Adopted Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
  32.1   Certification of Chief Executive Officer Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
  32.2   Certification of Chief Financial Officer Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
101.INS***   XBRL Instance Document.
101.SCH***   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document.
101.CAL***   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document.
101.DEF***   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document.
101.LAB***   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document.
101.PRE***   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document.

 

*** Users of this data are advised that, pursuant to Rule 406T of Regulation S-T, these interactive data files are deemed not filed or part of a registration statement or prospectus for purposes of Sections 11 or 12 of the Securities Act of 1933 or Section 18 of the Exchange Act of 1934 and otherwise are not subject to liability under these Sections.

 

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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

Dated: November 6, 2012     ZILLOW, INC.
    By:  

/ S / C HAD M. C OHEN

    Name:   Chad M. Cohen
    Title:   Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer

 

33

EXHIBIT 31.1

CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER

PURSUANT TO RULE 13-14(A) OF THE SECURITIES

EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO

SECTION 302 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

I, Spencer M. Rascoff, certify that:

1. I have reviewed this report on Form 10-Q of Zillow, Inc. for the fiscal quarter ended September 30, 2012;

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

4. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

d) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

5. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

By:  

/ S / S PENCER M. R ASCOFF

Name:   Spencer M. Rascoff
Title:   Chief Executive Officer
Date:   November 6, 2012

EXHIBIT 31.2

CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER

PURSUANT TO RULE 13-14(A) OF THE SECURITIES

EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO

SECTION 302 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

I, Chad M. Cohen, certify that:

1. I have reviewed this report on Form 10-Q of Zillow, Inc. for the fiscal quarter ended September 30, 2012;

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

4. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

d) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

5. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

By:  

/ S / C HAD M. C OHEN

Name:   Chad M. Cohen
Title:   Chief Financial Officer
Date:   November 6, 2012

EXHIBIT 32.1

CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER

PURSUANT TO 18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350,

AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO SECTION 906

OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

In connection with the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of Zillow, Inc. (the “Company”) for the fiscal quarter ended September 30, 2012 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Report”), I, Spencer M. Rascoff, Chief Executive Officer of the Company, certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that:

 

1. The Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended; and

 

2. The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.

 

By:  

/ S / S PENCER M. R ASCOFF

Name:   Spencer M. Rascoff
Title:   Chief Executive Officer
Date:   November 6, 2012

EXHIBIT 32.2

CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER

PURSUANT TO 18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350,

AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO SECTION 906

OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

In connection with the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of Zillow, Inc. (the “Company”) for the fiscal quarter ended September 30, 2012 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Report”), I, Chad M. Cohen, Chief Financial Officer of the Company, certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that:

 

1. The Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended; and

 

2. The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.

 

By:  

/ S / C HAD M. C OHEN

Name:   Chad M. Cohen
Title:   Chief Financial Officer
Date:   November 6, 2012